Goals In Hinduism And Buddhism Essay
In traditional western thought, most people would agree that there are common religious goals that followers of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam strive for: to follow and obey the laws and teachings of their respective holy texts (Torah, Bible, Koran), and to obey the will of their ?one and only? God (Jehovah, Christ, Allah). In doing so, one could attain eternal salvation in heaven, free of the misery and pain that would plague our world. Following the laws and teachings also spares one?s soul from the torments of eternal damnation in hell.
It has already been established that the religions of the west all share common goals and principles pertaining to belief system as well as individual goals. However, if one would examine the religions of the eastern tradition, you will not see close similarities like one would in the west. Some eastern systems have beliefs and individual goals that in some, if not many ways, contrast one another. In the following summary of two eastern religions, Buddhism (Theravada, Mahayana, Tibetan) and Hinduism, the reviewer hopes to give the reader an introductory look at these systems as well as the individual goals that followers of each particular faith would strive for.
Buddhism rejected many of the ideas and practices of traditional Hindus. Buddhists rejected the authority of the Brahmins, as well as the caste system and the Hindu pantheon of gods; none can ensure/bestow salvation. According to the Buddha, each person is responsible for his or her own enlightenment (non-attachment, all-knowing) through one?s own effort. Buddhists are not interested in metaphysics. What one believes is not important; rather it is the actions of one that is emphasized, such as discipline and meditation. To a Buddhist, the nature of the soul and the afterlife will not solve the problem of suffering in the world.
The teachings of the Buddha are outlined in the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path. The Four Noble Truths are as follows: Life is suffering (1). Suffering is characterized by desire and attachment of the five skandhas (form and matter, sensations, perceptions, psychic dispositions, and conscious thought) (2). These skandhas do indeed exist, but people tend to link them all together to form the individual self, which is not real. These components are in a constant state of flux, as are all things in existence. There is a way to stop the suffering, by ending the craving and cease referring things to oneself, for there is no self/soul (3). The way (eightfold path) (4).
The eightfold path is outlined as follows: right views-acceptance of the noble truths (1), right intention-the will and dedication to rid oneself of craving (2), right speech (3), right action-ahimsa/non-injury, such as avoiding eating meat (4), right livelihood-engage in any lifestyle that will distract one from the path (5), right...
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Hinduism vs. Buddhism
- Length: 392 words (1.1 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
Hinduism and Buddhism are the two main religions of Ancient India. Both religions share common beliefs and have their differences. Some differences are the gods worshiped, the founders of the religions and the holy books worshiped. Both religions are similar and different at the same time.
In the Hindu religion, the founder was not one person alone. Hinduism was developed over 3500 years ago by the Aryans. The Hindu religion was developed around the caste system. Important books of the Hindu religion are the Vedas. The Hindus are polytheistic, or they believe in many Gods. The caste system was the social class of India. At the top of the caste system were the Brahmins or the priests. Below them were the warriors followed by the merchants, the farm workers and lastly the untouchables. Some goals of the Hindus are to reach Moksha, or to be free of the caste system. The Hindu religion had many priests and religious rituals. Hinduism is still important and followed by people in India today.
In the Buddhism religion, there was only one founder. The founder was the Siddhartha Gantina. Siddhartha founded Buddhism in 560 B.C. Buddhists rejected the caste system. Instead they focused on individuals. Important books of the Buddhist religion are the Triptakas. Buddhists have no Gods. They believed if you follow the Four Nobile Truths and the Eight Fold Path, you will live a great life. Buddhism is important throughout Asia, but there are few followers of Buddhism in India today.
Hinduism and Buddhism share some beliefs as well. Both religions told people to live moral lives. People tried to live non-violent lives, or ahimsa. Both religions accepted reincarnation, which is the belief that after someone passes away, their soul, comes back to life in another body. The goal was to be united with an all powerful, spiritual force. They both thought animals were sacred.
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Hinduism Buddhism Hindu Religion Caste System Farm Workers Ancient India Founder Followers Priests
Hindus and Buddhists are vegetarians, and they don?t eat meat. Both religions share a lot of the same beliefs since the founder of Buddhism was a Hindu.
It?s amazing how two different religions can share so many beliefs and disagree on many other beliefs. Hinduism and Buddhism are very alike and different at the same time. Both religions are still being followed in India today, even though there are more people of the Hindu faith than the Buddha faith.